The horticulture sector has in past few years, proved to be the engine of growth in agriculture for improving the productivity per unit area, source of generating employment, improving the economic wellbeing of the farming community and the entrepreneurs involved in agriculture and horticulture and thereby enhancing exports and capable of earning considerable foreign exchange. Fruits and vegetables are considered to be the protective food because it helps us to develop a defensive mechanism in human system. Mango is called as “The King of Fruits” preferred by all sections of people for its delicious taste, flavour, attractive colour, nutritive value and superior

Fragrance. India is the topper in mango production in the world. The important mango producing states in India are Andhra Pradesh, Utter Pradesh, Karnataka, Bihar, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, Kerala and Orissa. The Productivity of mango found to be declining over the years. The National average productivity is found to be as low as 10 tonnes per ha (Biswas and Lalitkumar, 2011). It has been proven that the horticulture crops for which the Indian topography and agro climatic conditions is well suited could be an ideal choice for achieving sustainability by small farmers with continued Governmental support. However, the importance of horticulture is not only in improving the productivity of land but also providing nutritional security to the people

(Singh 2010). In India, several horticultural development initiatives are being taken up through the National Horticulture Mission (NHM) through the State Department of Horticulture and Plantation Crops. Different States in India are showing different level of productivity in respect of fruits and mango in particular. This has created a gloomy picture. Though NHM has initiated its efforts to develop the horticulture sector through the area expansion  programs, existing level of production and productivity of fruits particularly the Mango is yet to be documented clearly at National and State level and the data found to be dismal in this regard. A sound data and its analysis is required.

This report is official from Government Wikipedia. As I belong to mango fruit belt in Distt.-Bulandshahr, U.P. there is no awareness of any such program from NHM. I will personally meet the official from NHM to find this information. My tube well transformer was faulted one year before. I have informed the UPPCL complaint department but nothing is done till now. The chuck road is not in condition for any kind of transport. No one provide any kind of pesticide information. Most of the people do not know where is the NHM office is situated.


Mango (Mangifera Indica Linn) is the most important fruit of India and is known as “King of fruits”. The fruit is cultivated in the largest area and the production is around 15.00 million tons, contributing 40.50% of the total world production of mango. The main mango producing states in India are Uttar Pradesh (22.50%), Andhra Pradesh (21.00%), Karnataka (11.21%), Bihar (9.35%), Gujarat (6.00%) and Tamil Nadu (5.00%). Total export of mangoes from India is 54.20 thousand tons, valuing Rs. 160.92 crores during 2010-11. India exports mango to over 40 countries worldwide. The major importing countries of India’s Mangoes during the period of 2010-11 were UAE (60.79%), Bangladesh (11.10%), UK (9.00%), Saudi Arabia (3.29%), Kuwait (2.12%), and Bahrain (2.79%) respectively. (There could be some variation in data because different agencies have conflicting opinion.)

Mango covers an area of 4946 thousand hectare with a production of 37.12 million tons in the world during the year of 2010. India occupies top position among mango growing countries of the world and produces 40.50% of the total world mango production. China and Thailand stood at second and third position among mango producing countries in the world with 4,366 and 2,551 thousand tons respectively. The other major mango producing countries in the world during 2010 were Thailand (2550 thousand tons), Pakistan (1784 thousand tonnes), Mexico (1633 thousand tonnes) and Indonesia (1314 thousand tonnes) respectively.

Mango is grown almost in all the states of India. Uttar Pradesh tops the list of mango producing states. Other major producing states are Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Bihar and Gujarat. Rest of the states has quite less production.

Uttar Pradesh is the leading mango producing state with production of 3,621.22 thousand tons followed by Andhra Pradesh state which has production of 3,360.40 thousand tons. Karnataka 1,778.75 thousand tonnes followed by Bihar and Gujarat 1,334.87 and 911.30 thousand tons respectively.

The most horrible observation is SIYANA was declared fruit belt few decades ago and its name is not even in the list of government agency site. The farmers of this tehsil of district Bulandshahr are totally ignored by every government. They do not have the proper facility that a fruit belt must have. No main highway, Rail, Pollution, Electricity, Marketing and protection from natural calamity have been provided to this town.  While a much smaller place like Kithaur is mentioned in the list just because it situated on the main Garh and Meerut road highway. Another reason could be it’s a Muslim area and there are some very influential Muslim leaders always present in some party. It is famous for its nurseries also. If you will pass it you can see some beautiful farm houses that provide VIP all kind of facilities.

Uttar Pradesh –Distt. –  Lucknow, Sultanpur, Sitapur, Unnao, Hardoi, Barabanki, Faizabad, Saharanpur, Bulandshahr, Meerut, Muzaffarnagar, Bijnaur, Moradabad, Deoria, Basti, Maharajganj, Kabir Nagar, Gorakhpur, Kushi Nagar

Lucknow – Malihabad, Rahimabad, Bhauli, Itaunja, Mahoma, Nagram, Nigohan, Sisendi, Utrahthia, Gosainganj, Jugganar, Chanhat, Bani, Alamnagar, Kakori, Bhauli

Saharanpur – Badshah Bagh, Raipur, Muzaffarabad, Kalsia, Behat, Chilkana, Rampur, Sarsawa, Pilkhani, Bhayla, Deoband, Gangoh, Lukhnauti, Nanauta.

Muzaffarnagar – Chausera, Titron, Jalalabad, Bidauli, Shahpur, Banal, Sisanli, Khatauli, Janesh, Mimpur, Kandala.

Meerut – Mulharia, Tanda, Sakoti, Phalavada, Bashuma, Lawar, Daurala, Marware, Hastinapur, Jani, Kithaur

Varanasi – Sindhora, Babatpur, Phulpur, Cholapur, Mirzaurad, Samath


India is the third largest producer of agricultural output in the World. Nearly two thirds

of India’s population still derives their livelihoods from agricultural sector

directly and indirectly. Thus, agriculture development is always a priority in the

development policy in India. Most of the agricultural policies in India during the pre-

1990s era were centred on production-oriented strategies. These policies were highly

relevant until mid-eighties-as increase of food production was a primary development

goal of the India’s policy to reduce the dependency on other countries for food

imports. The First to Fifth Five Years Plans (1951 to 1975) mainly focused on

irrigation expansion, introduction of so-called ‘green revolution’ technologies

especially modern crop varieties/hybrids, government’s policy support for both input

and output marketing, setting of big fertiliser plants for increasing domestic supplies

of chemical fertilisers, nationalisation of commercial banks in order to increase the

rural credit flow, setting up of Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices, and

setting up of Food Corporation of India, etc. mainly aimed at achieving rapid growth

in food grain production in India. As a result of all these efforts, India’s food

economy has been transformed from a ‘chronic deficit’ stage to the ‘self-reliance’

stage by the mid-eighties, and reached the record of food surplus stage by the end of

Inter-Conference Symposium of International Association of

Agricultural Economists (IAAE) on



The ‘Eldon’ mango is a mango cultivar which originated in the USA state of Florida. ‘Eldon’ eventually became a commercially adopted variety.

The original tree was grown from a seed on the property of Walter B. Eldon in Miami, Florida in 1939. Reportedly the seed had been a ‘Haden’ seed, and a 1995 analysis supported this; however a 2005 pedigree study did not support this, estimating that ‘Eldon’ was likely a seedling of ‘Cowasji Patel’ instead. The original tree first fruited in 1942. Propagation was begun around 1948 by Lawrence Zill and J.W. Chafer. While ‘Eldon’ did not become a popular nursery stock tree in Florida over the following decades, it did eventually gain commercial acceptance in Africa. ‘Eldon’ trees are planted in the collections of the USDA’s germplasm repository in Miami, and the University of Florida’s Tropical Research and Education Centre in Homestead, Florida.[5] ‘Eldon’ may have been a parent of the ‘Southern Blush’ mango.

The fruit is of oval shape and averages about a pound in weight; moreover, the fruit may have

variegated color upon maturity, and can be a mix of green, yellow, orange and red blush. The flesh is yellow and has a sweet flavour with a pleasant aroma. The fruit contains a mono embryonic seed.

The trees are moderately vigorous with a large canopy that contains light green leaves.



India is the major producer of mango among the countries in the world. Though the area under mango is increasing, the productivity is declining in India over the years. A study was undertaken using the secondary data drawn from both State and Central Government sources in respect of area, production and productivity and export of mango. India found to be the major producer and exporter of mango to the developing and the developed world. Tamil Nadu in India found to be the leader in fruit production followed by Maharashtra.

In respect of productivity of fruits, Himachal Pradesh and Tamil Nadu are the front runners followed by Madhya Pradesh. When we compare the fruit production over the years, it is interesting to note that higher area under fruits have produced very meagre increase in fruit production due to low productivity.

Percentage reduction in fruit productivity in a decade of time is found to be 2.68 per cent and the mango productivity is 3.19 per cent. In respect of productivity of mango, 2012-13 had witnessed highest production of mango. Percentage increase in production of mango is accounted to be 36.22 per cent in a decade of time.

To confirm the decrease in productivity, a case farm in Theni District of Tamil Nadu was personally assessed for its production and productivity of mango revealed that the Case farm is able to generate 558 per cent higher productivity than the state average and 216 per cent higher productivity than the national average productivity. In this paper, efforts have also been taken to document the export status of mango to different countries, processing units in operation with Tamil Nadu and the Cold Storage facility available for keeping the farm grown produce especially the fruits and their capacity utilization are also addressed with respect to India and Tamil Nadu in particular.